Vitamins are organic substances required for regulating the body processes and preventing certain diseases. Various vitamins are – Vitamin A,B, C, D, E, etc. Vitamins are abundantly found in our daily food. The deficiency of Vitamins will lead to diseases.
Vitamin A : (Retinol) It is a derivative of β – Carotene. It is a fat soluble vitamin.
Function : Important for healthy skin, body growth and aids night vision. It is anti-infective.
Deficiency : Night Blindness, Rough and Dry Skin Exophthalmia, Growth Deformities.
Sources : Milk, Butter, Animals fats, Eggs. Carrots, Mangoes, Oranges, Papayas, Tomatoes.
Vitamin B : It is a mixture of number of water soluble Vitamins Like Vitamin B1, B2, B6 and B12
Vitamins B1 : (Thiamine) :
Function : Nerve Cell, antineuritic, anti-beri-beri, carbohydrate metabolism
Deficiency : Neuritis, Beri-Beri, loss of appetite, pellagra, diarrhoea, adrenals, affects thyroid.
Sources : Yeast, Milk, Eggs, Cereals Rice Polishings, Meat, Liver, Pulses.
Vitamins B2 : (Riboflavin)
Function : Protein metabolism
Deficiency : Skin disorders, sore tongue, fissures at the corners of the mouth.
Sources : Milk, Green Vegetables and Rice Polishings.
Vitamins B6 : (Pyridoxin) : It is a mixture of three different derivatives – pyridoxal, phridoxine and pyridoxamine.
Function : Cellular function.
Deficiency : Nervous disorders
Sources : Cereal grains, Vegetables, Honey, Egg Yolk, Peanuts
Vitamins B12 : (Cyano cobalamin): Its contains a cobalt atom co-ordinated to four nitrogen atoms.
Function : Maturation of RBC, DNA synthesis
Deficiency : Incomplete maturation, some form of macrocytic anaemia
Sources : Milk and Milk Products, Eggs, Liver, Pulses, Cereals.
Vitamins C : (Ascorbic Acid) : It is a water soluble vitamin.
Function : Formation of collagen, cold preventive, vascular function
Deficiency : Scurvy, Gums and Teeth Bleeding
Sources : Tomatoes, Lemons, Oranges, Leafy Vegetables, Cow’s Milk.
Vitamins D : (Ergo calciferol) : It is a complex mixture of D1, D2, D3, D4 etc. Ultraviolet Rays from the Sun, chane ergosterol presents in human skin to vitamin D2, and hence it is called sunshine vitamin.
Function : Bone formation , Calcium and phosphorus absorption.
Deficiency : Rickets, poor formation of Teeth.
Sources : Oily Fish, Egg Yolk, Butter, Milk, Liver.
Vitamins E : (α-Tocopherol) : It is a group of closely related compounds called tocopherols. They are known as a, b, g – tocopherols a fat soluble vitamin.
Function : Assists cell respiration, helps in reproduction, intracellular antioxidant.
Deficiency : Liver damage, causes abortion, menstruation irregularities, sterility.
Sources : Whole wheat, Milk, Eggs, Meat, Animal and Vegetable Oils.
Vitamins K : (Phylloquinone) : It is a mixture of two compound – K and K2.
Function : Coagulation of Blood, Bile Absorption.
Deficiency : Poor coagulation of Blood, Liver Damage.
Sources : Leafy Vegetables , Oats, Fish, Peas, Rye.