Scaffold, a temporary construction used in supporting, acts as a holder to construction, maintenance tools and materials. They are generally used in construction sites as they are very helpful to navigate around remote and “hard to reach” places like very tall structures. Failure in scaffolds can have fatal results. A Scaffold is found and used in shoring, for formwork, concert stages, ski ramps, grandstand seating, exhibition stands and so on.
Various special tools and components like transoms carrying heavy loads, stairway units, ladders and many others, which are put to use to help use scaffolds as a ”temporary structure”.
Types Of Scaffolds:
- Brick Layer’s Scaffolding: This type of scaffold is also known as Single Scaffolding. Standards or heightened platforms made of timber or bamboo are set up on the ground, based on a parallel level to a wall or a building, in a row. Any two standards have a distance of 2.4 to 3 meters between them. They are in crisscross or checks form where the vertical strands are linked with each other by horizontal Ledgers. The general distance, between any two Ledgers, ranges from 120 to 150 centimeters.
- Mason’s Scaffolding: Also known as Double Scaffolding, is used in projects of stone masonry as it is stronger than Single Scaffolding. It is almost similar to the brick layer’s scaffold. The only differences being that in Mason’s Scaffolds, there are double rows of everything.
- Tubular or Steel Scaffolding: This type of Scaffold is constructed the same way as Brick Layer’s Scaffold and Mason’s Scaffold. Here, tubes of steel are used instead of timber, which is of 40 to 60 meters in diameter. Steel couples, instead of ropes, are used to connect the standards, ledgers, putlogs, and braces. Also, the standards are installed on baseplates instead of being fixed “into the ground”. Steel Scaffolds are better as they can be constructed or dismantled in no time. It is also very economical because of its durability and strength is more than timber. It is also highly resistant towards the fire.
- Cantilever Scaffolding: Also known as Needle Scaffolding, cantilever scaffolds are used in places where the possibility of attaching stands to the ground is null and void. This Scaffold also comes in handy when beside a busy road or for the construction of tall structures and buildings. These scaffolds are based at a certain height “above the ground level”. It is placed on stands called Needle which is a timber-made “cantilever structure” poking out of numerous holes made in the wall.
- Trestle Scaffolding: Its platform has movable tripods or ladders as supports. It is fixed at a height of 5 meters above “the ground level”. These are used in works inside rooms like while painting, repairs and so on.
- Suspended Scaffolding: These are used in repair works and paintings. Its platform is hung from the ceiling or the roofs, with the help of wire ropes and chains. They are mobile and adjustable thus, can be lowered or lifted accordingly.
- Kwikstage Scaffolding: Kwikstage Scaffolds are produced from galvanized “hard wearing” steel. This type of Scaffold can be easily assembled, constructed and dismantled. It can be constructed up to any height.
Tips To Remember Before Installing Scaffolds:
Hire an expert to set a scaffold which can be quite dangerous as even a little distraction can be dangerous. You must ensure that you are equipped with every tool necessary to finish the structure. Create a strong foundation in order to make sure that nothing goes haywire. Putting tight-fitting boards can also be a safety measure. Always check and inspect the scaffold you rent for damages before using it.