The desire of witnessing the horizon, full of colours and natural beauty, would certainly lead you to the charming Kashmir valley. Why it is popular with the name of ‘heaven of earth’ is less descriptive and more visible to everyone. The beautiful peninsular region is crafted with rich culture, storming river, lush valleys and unique diversity. Everything here is just mesmerizing and the perfect place to explore magnificent Himalayas and other mountainous region.
Usually from its geographical establishment to its governing policy, everything in the state is interesting to know. Here are some facts and features of the state, which one should know.
- The game of name
Only few people around the world are aware of the reason behind the name ‘Kashmir’. According to ‘Nilmata Purana’ a mythological textbook, Kashmir was formerly been a beautiful lake. In history there was a rishi named Kashyap, who deliberately drained all the water of the lake, which forced to the emergence of this beautiful landscape. The word ‘Kashmir’ stands for the synonym of ‘a land desiccated from water’, which later gained its name.
We know very well that Chandigarh is the city which serves the capital for two states, Punjab and Haryana. But, Jammu and Kashmir is just opposite to it. It is the only state which has two capitals, one each for two different seasons. The old one is the Shrinagari or modern day Srinagar, founded by the emperor Ashoka. It serves as the summer capital, whereas in winter Jammu becomes the capital of the state.
- Ethnic groups
The state has rich and interesting religious history. It is primarily divided in to three groups, Hindu, Buddhism and Muslim. Buddhism was the earliest to valley and became the centre of this religion at the time of emperor Ashoka. Further, Hinduism was introduced around the 9th century AD and the place flourished these two religions side by side. Later, the Mongol ruler, Dulucha invaded the Kashmir region. This ended the Hindu and Buddhist rule and Islam was introduced.
- Disputed political status
From the time of partition and till now, the Kashmir valley has always remained to be the fuel of conflict between India and Pakistan. Both the countries were involved in three wars (1947, 1965 & 1999), with the aim to gain control of the area. However, all the wars were won by India, the situation never changed. Also, the state has its own set of laws, flag and norms provided in article 370 of the constitution of India.
- Literacy and Economy
The literacy rate of the state is much higher than both the average rate of India and Pakistan. Certainly, it is the subject of caricature that both nation fighting for it, doesn’t even match to the standard of the valley. Economy of the state is mostly dependent on agriculture. Rice, corn, wheat, barley, and fruits are the main crops grown in Kashmir.
Asia is blessed to have such a beautiful landscape in its heart. What to say more after knowing that the place is called as ‘Switzerland of east’, by the foreigner tourists. Kashmir tour packages offer the best deal to every visitor. And if you dont want to go with whole package then you can purchase all seperately like by book cheap flights tickets online on cheap fare or book the hotels with lest expensive prices to stay their.Don’t let the opportunity go to witness the pleasurable sights of Kashmir.