Our eyes are constantly filled with tears even when we are happy and not crying. The tear gland in our eyes secretes a solution of water, oils, mucus, and antibodies that protect our eyes and lubricates it. Tears keep your eyes comfortable. However, there are many reasons for your tear gland not working, as it is supposed to work. This causes dry eyes. The dry eye syndrome may be chronic for many and require constant treatment, while, for many, it is just a temporary thing and can be fixed by lifestyle changes. However, generally, dry eyes causes and treatment are quite simple to follow.
What Do Dry Eyes Feel Like?
When you are experiencing dry eyes, you will feel itchiness in your eyes. Alternatively, you may also feel as if you have some foreign agent in your eyes. Depending on the severity, one may also experience redness, have blurry vision, and light sensitivity.
In rare cases, dry eyes may lead to teary eyes, which is called reflex tearing and it can be quite confusing. This happens when your eyes get dry for some reason and it sends a distress signal to the tear glands through the nervous system to produce more tears. This is common when you get sand in your eye, or when you have been exposed to a dry environment for a long time. However, these tears are mostly water and do not contain other chemicals normally present in your eyes.
What Are the Causes of Dry Eyes?
There are multiple dry eyes causes and treatments are generally simple. The natural ageing processes can cause dry eyes. Especially, menopause is known to cause dry eyes in women. It can also be the side effect of drugs such as antihistamines. Some diseases affect your ability to create tears such as some collagen vascular diseases, rheumatoid arthritis, Sjogren’s syndrome, and so on. Sometimes, issues with your eyelids prevent your eyelids to close all the way, which in turn, can cause dry eyes.
Computer vision syndrome/CVS/Computer Vision Syndrome also causes dry eyes. This happens when you focus your eyes on a screen for a long time. This is one of the most crucial causes of dry eyes.
What Are the Treatments of Dry Eyes?
Treating dry eyes are quite easy in most of the cases. There are a number of options. However, you should consult your doctor regarding it. What you should do? Treatment methods include:
- Artificial Teardrops: The most common treatment for dry eyes is artificial teardrops. Many such options are available over the counter. However, no generic product is available in the market to suit the needs of every person. For those suffering from computer vision syndrome, or for those who stay in air-conditioned rooms for long can get artificial teardrops to deal with dry eyes. For those who suffer from chronic dry eyes, a special ointment is available that keeps the eyes lubricated for prolonged periods, like when the person is asleep.
- Prescription Medication: Some medication can help with dry eyes. Medicines such as cyclosporine are prescribed when tear glands are inflamed. It takes almost 6 months for the treatment to work. An alternative drug is lifitegrast that works much faster. You may steroids prescription if your conditions are serious.
- Keeping your eyes warm and clean: Tear glands can be blocked by the hardened oils from secreted by it. Thus, keep the eyes and the tear glands warm, it will help you. You can do this by applying a warm washcloth on your eyes for a few seconds and by repeating it for a multiple time. Messaging the eyes also helps.
- Reducing screen time: Those suffering from CVS should reduce the time they look at screens.
Thus, these were some of the dry eyes causes and treatment, which you can get rid of easily if you are suffering from it. Immediately consult your eye specialist in case you are suffering from dry eyes causes and treatment solutions.